how many dependencies are in the caribbean

A thriving manufacturing industry has been established. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Everyone longs to be there. But despite the relatively high per capita incomes for a number of Caribbean countries, many have substantial social development problems, such as high poverty rates, income inequality, unemployment, underemployment and susceptibility to external forces (including weather, US economic fluctuations and changes in global commodity prices). Charlotte Amalie has one of the finest harbors in the Caribbean. Representatives: 1 (nonvoting) Source: The World Factbook, 2005The following is a list of dependencies—territories under the jurisdiction of another country. Many of them are dependencies of other countries. The leading industrial products were pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, and tourism. It is crossed from east to west by mountain ranges, the most prominent being the Cordillera Central, rising to nearly 1,338 meters (4,390 feet). Appeals from Puerto Rican courts may be carried as far as the U.S. Supreme Court. Excavations at St. Croix in the 1970s uncovered evidence of a civilization perhaps as ancient as ad 100. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. (January 12, 2021). Fifty short rivers flow rapidly to the sea. There were about 70,900 main line telephones in 2004, and 41,000 mobile cellular phones. Puerto Rico elects a commissioner to serve a four-year term as a nonvoting member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. St. Croix has two principal towns: Christiansted and Frederiksted. It has already provoked critical reviews of Caribbean integration processes, many of which had the EU as a reference point in one way or another 9. Although the islands of the Bahamas…, the Bahamas (bəhä´məz), officially Commonwealth of the Bahamas, independent nation (2005 est. Courts are under the U.S. federal judiciary; the two federal district court judges are appointed by the U.S. president. Territorial court judges, who preside over misdemeanor and traffic cases, are appointed by the governor and confirmed by the legislature. He set up a General Assembly of the Leeward Islands in St. Kitts. Its area is five square kilometers (two square miles). They are included in this list only for the convenience of the user. American Samoa, an unincorpo…, Galápagos Islands, a group of nineteen volcanic islands and numerous islets in the eastern Pacific, lying astride the equator, 600 miles west of main…, LOCATION : Bahamas In 1917, Puerto Ricans were granted U.S. citizenship. The modern political world includes (58) territories and/or dependencies. Most are descendants of slaves who were brought from Africa in the 17th century when Denmark ruled some of the islands. The first settlers arrived on 12 August 1508, under the able leadership of Ponce de León, who sought to transplant and adapt Spanish civilization to Puerto Rico’s tropical habitat. St. Croix is relatively flat, with a terrain suitable for sugarcane cultivation. Montserrat is a member of both the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States and the Caribbean Community despite being a dependent nation of the United Kingdom. The first Amerindian group are believed to have come from Florida. In November 2000, PPD candidate Anibal Acevedo-Vila was elected commissioner from Puerto Rico; in November 2004, Acevedo-Vila was elected governor of Puerto Rico. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Most Caribbean countries remained under colonial rule after the abolition of slavery. Constitutionally, the U.S. Congress has plenary authority to legislate for the territory. (352 sq km) Since 1947, agriculture has been diversified to include dairy production. In 2006, there were 32 broadcast television stations. In 1931, administration of the islands was transferred from the Department of the Navy to the Department of the Interior, and the first civilian governor was appointed. The island regions of Martinique, Guadeloupe and the BES islands are not included here because they are not technically dependent territories of the countries mentioned, instead being integrated areas of France and the Netherlands respectively. . Today these units are the British (UK) Virgin Islands and the U.S. Virgin Islands. It is the smallest and most easterly of the Greater Antilles, a group of four islands in the northwestern portion of the Caribbean Sea. While many claim that fossil fuels helped cultivate a modern disregard for the natural world, I show how the negative ecologies of fossil fuels also instigated new scientific and political appreciations for the liveliness of the natural world. Matt Rosenberg. Its area is five square kilometers (two square miles). In 1990, median family income was $24,036. The separate history of the U.S. Virgin Islands began with the settlement of St. Thomas by the Danish West India Company in 1672. By 2006, the gross domestic product (GDP) reached $74.89 billion, up from $15.8 billion in 1986. The Caribbean archipelago encompasses more than 7,000 individual islands in a region of approximately 1 million square miles. There are three island territories within the British Isles that are known as Crown Dependencies; these are the Bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey which make up Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man. MIDWAY About 80% of the population is black. Navassa was claimed by the United States under the Guano Act of 1856. Denmark sold the islands to the United States in 1917 for $25 million. The voters choose to keep the commonwealth status 48.4% to 46.2% for statehood and 4.4% for independence. They are largely self-governing and possess their own constitutions and regional governments. divantilya +4. There is a small number of people of Asian descent (0.2%). the consequences of the shift from agriculture to an almost total dependency on tourism. Raw crude oil constitutes the Virgin Island’s principal import. The population was estimated at 3,927,188 in 2006. The Virgin Islands are two group…, Compiled from the October 2006 Background Note and supplemented with additional information from the State Department and the editors of this volume.…, AMERICAN SAMOA Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Caribbean Dependencies. By 1990 there were 2,000 plants in Puerto Rico. English is the official and most widely spoken language. Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. How many countries make in North America; Belize, Central America Don’t Forget The 22 Dependent Territories In North America. There is a small but vocal independence movement, divided into two wings: the moderates, favoring social democracy, and the radicals, supporting close ties with the regime of Communist leader Fidel Castro in Cuba. In 1940, when annual income per capita was $118, agricultural workers made as little as 6 cents an hour, and the illiteracy rate was 70%. Encyclopedia.com. In 1993 another plebiscite vote drew nearly 1.7 million voters or 73.6% of those eligible. Improved economic conditions on the island and diminishing opportunities in the United States slowed migration by 1970. In 2001, Puerto Rico’s exports totaled $46.9 billion, imports totaled $29.1 billion. . WAKE ISLAND pop. The island’s primary export is refined petroleum products. Boston University Libraries. The main island of Puerto Rico is roughly rectangular in shape. Lewis (2016:532) observes that “the most striking realisation from BREXIT is that integration processes do not necessarily follow an inevitable trajectory of ever-closer union but can unravel”. Dependent Territories . In 2019, it was estimated that more than 647 million people lived in Latin America and the Caribbean. St. John was claimed by the company in 1683 and St. Croix was purchased from France in 1733. In the late 1970s, the Virgin Islands government began to consider ways to expand self-rule. Services . Islands off the coast include Mona and Desecheo to the west and Vieques and Culebra to the east. The coastal plain is about 24 kilometers (15 miles) wide at its broadest point. At that time, the U.S. Congress established an administration with a governor and an executive council, appointed by the U.S. president, and a popularly elected House of Delegates. [citation needed] A dependent territory is commonly distinguished from a country subdivision by being considered not to be a constituent part of a sovereign state. Many persons that visit the Caribbean are there to enjoy the natural beauty, the relaxation and the stress free activities. Archaeological finds indicate that at least three Amerindian cultures had settled on the island long before Columbus’s arrival. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Population: 122,211 ." The chief executive is the governor, elected by popular vote to a four-year term. 328-352. The first visit by a European explorer was 19 November 1493, when Christopher Columbus landed. Thousands of Puerto Ricans commute annually between Puerto Rico and the United States. Haiti is an island state situated on Hispaniola Island. United States Caribbean Dependencies. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/united-states-caribbean-dependencies-0, "United States Caribbean Dependencies The constitution was ratified by popular referendum on 3 March 1952. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Sugarcane, cultivated by slave labor, was the backbone of the islands’ prosperity in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Sir William Stapleton established the first federation in the British West Indies in 1674. Donna M. Christensen, a Democrat, was elected to serve a two-year term as representative in November 2006. Having no knowledge of agriculture or pottery, they relied on the products of the sea; their remains have been found mostly in caves. Michael Runkel / robertharding / Getty Images. As of 2004, 127 radio stations (74 AM, 53 FM) were operation. Many scholars and observers have contended that while the Caribbean garners most of its revenue from tourism, it has had to contend with negative consequences such as the escalation of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Now, during the corona crisis, it’s deserted and vulnerable. The commonwealth status was upheld in a plebiscite (general vote) in 1967, with 60.5% voting for continuation of the commonwealth and 38.9% for Puerto Rican statehood. In San Juan on the northern coast, mean temperatures range from 24°c (75 °f) for January to 27°c (81 °f) for July. In 1952, there were only 82 labor-intensive plants on the island. 301,800), 4,403 sq mi (11,404 sq km), in the Atlan…, United States Army Warrant Officers Association, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID), United States Amish and Pennsylvania Dutch, United States Air Force Academy: Tabular Data, United States Air Force Academy: Narrative Description, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), United States Agency for International Development, United Self-Defense Forces/Group of Colombia (AUC Autodefensas Unidas De Colombia), United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), United Railways & Electric Co. OF Baltimore v. West 280 U.S. 234 (1930), United States Catholic Mission Association, United States Coast Guard Academy: Narrative Description, United States Coast Guard Academy: Tabular Data, United States Colonial Rule in the Philippines, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB), United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, United States District Court for the Eastern District OF Michigan, United States v. 407 U.S. 297 (1972), United States Foreign Policies Toward Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, United States Geospatial Intelligence Foundation, United States Government Accountability Office, United States Government Publishing Office, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/united-states-caribbean-dependencies-0. Of the twenty (20) countries in the world that depend most on tourism, eleven (11) are in the Caribbean. Tourism, which accounts for approximately 70% of both gross domestic product (GDP) and employment is the islands’ principal economic activity. Caribbean territories still … By then, the gold mines were nearly depleted. RELIGION : Christianity Economic development has brought an influx of new residents, mainly from Puerto Rico, other Caribbean islands, and the U.S. mainland. A peaceful, sedentary tribe, the Taíno were adept at stone-work and lived in many parts of the island; to these Amerindians, the island was known as Borinquén. population of 422,000. ." Dependency theory has always been as it incorporates some Marxist concepts in that it addresses the issues of inequality and how the developed nations would have contributed to that inequality. U.S. taxes do not apply in Puerto Rico, since the commonwealth is not represented in Congress. It is the biggest French-speaking Caribbean state with over 42% of the population conversing in French. However for others, Caribbean culture is seen as exciting and enticing. They also lost men in their rebellion against the Spanish. Economic development is promoted by the U.S.-government–owned Virgin Islands Corp. Endangered species on the island included the Puerto Rican plain pigeon, Puerto Rican parrot, Puerto Rican boa, giant anole, and hawksbill, leatherback, olive ridley, and green sea turtles. The second Amerindian group, the Igneri, came from northern South America. By Stabroek News-- October 15, 2020 By Bert Hoffmann No region depends more on tourism than the Caribbean. The territorial capital, Charlotte Amalie, is located on St. Thomas. Descended from South American Arawak stock, the Igneri brought agriculture and pottery to the island; their remains are found mostly in the coastal areas. (2006). The holdings of the company were taken over as a Danish crown colony in 1754. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. At this time, St. Croix was inhabited by Carib Indians, who were eventually driven from the island by Spanish soldiers in 1555. In 2004 the per capita GDP was $14,500. The U.S. Virgin Islands lie about 64 kilometers (40 miles) north of Puerto Rico and 1,600 kilometers (1,000 miles) south-southeast of Miami, between 17°40’ and 18°25’n and 64°34’ and 65°3’ n. The island group extends 82 kilometers (51 miles) north to south and 80 kilometers (50 miles) from east to west, with a total area of at least 353 square kilometers (136 square miles). Puerto Rico is separated from the Virgin Islands to the east by Vieques Sound and the Virgin Passage. Territories, Colonies, and Dependencies of Independent Countries Share Flipboard Email Print The US territory of Guam. In 1947, Congress provided for popular election of the governor. The PPD returned to power in 1972 but lost to the PNP in 1976 and again, by a very narrow margin, in 1980; in 1984, it took roughly two-to-one majorities in both houses. The Crown Dependencies are not part of the United Kingdom, but are self-governing possessions of … Navassa. The chief executive of the U.S. Virgin Islands is the territorial governor, elected by direct popular vote (prior to 1970, territorial governors were appointed by the U.S. president). Mean annual rainfall varies from 91 centimeters (36 inches) on the south coast to 152 centimeters (60 inches) in San Juan and may total more than 457 centimeters (180 inches) on the northern mountain slopes in the interior. By 1514, there were only about 4,000 remaining. Both St. Croix and St. Thomas have airports, with St. Croix’s facility handling the larger number of jet flights from the continental United States and Europe. The island, located at 18°24’ n and 75°1’ w is uninhabited except for a lighthouse station under the administration of the coast guard. A UN delegation in 1977 found little interest in independence, however, and a locally drafted constitution was voted down by the electorate in 1979. Note 5: French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Reunion are first-order administrative divisions of overseas France, and are therefore not dependencies or areas of special sovereignty. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. In 2004, there were 1.1 million main telephone lines on the island; that year there were an estimated 2.7 million mobile cellular telephone lines, up from 169,265 in 1996. Note that Bermuda, is a member of the Caribbean Community, though the nation lies in the Atlantic Ocean, not in the West Indies. I've never heard Mexico called a Caribbean country, and Guyana, Suriname and French Guyana are often included in cultural definitions, because of the close historical ties between them and the islands. You can read all about that in my blog post here. The population of the U.S. Virgin Islands was estimated at 108,605 in 2006, down from 123,498 in 2002. A dependent territory, dependent area, or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state, yet remains politically outside the controlling state's integral area. These orthodox policy recommendations have … This a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in the West Indies. Rum remains an important manufacture, with petroleum refining (on St. Croix) a major addition in the late 1960s. Governor John DeJongh assumed the office on 1 January 2007. Spanish is the official language, but many Puerto Ricans also speak English, which is required as a second language in the schools. Despite that, its inhabitants are British citizens, meaning the Queen is their head of state … 12 Jan. 2021 . Christopher Columbus, who reached the islands in 1493, named them for the martyred virgin St. Ursula. "United States Caribbean Dependencies The island was captured by U.S. forces during the Spanish-American War (1898). It is worth to mention that the total population of these overseas territories in the Caribbean is approximately 140,000. Note that Bermuda, is a member of the Caribbean Community, though the nation lies in the Atlantic Ocean, not in the West Indies. ." Depending on the speaker and the context, the phrase "Caribbean countries" has a variety of meanings:[30] Such as these images show below, Caribbean countries in the strictest sense, Caribbean countries in the widest application of the phrase, List of sovereign states and dependent territories in the Caribbean, http://www.macmillan-caribbean.com/home/Home.aspx, "List of currencies of the world with ISO-4217", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ac.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bf.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bb.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cu.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/do.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/dr.html, "Central America :: Haiti — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/jm.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sc.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/st.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vc.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/td.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/av.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vi.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cj.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mh.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rq.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tb.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rn.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sk.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tk.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vq.html, http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=caribbean, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_sovereign_states_and_dependent_territories_in_the_West_Indies&oldid=999179861, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 21:48. Most sovereign states in the West Indies (and one British dependency) are members of the Caribbean Community, which is an international organisation formed to promote regional integration and collaboration among its member states. At a Glance St. John, also mountainous, has fine beaches and lush vegetation; about two-thirds of St. John’s area has been declared a national park. U.S. Virgin Islands. The population has more than doubled since 1930, despite extensive migration to the U.S. mainland. The Taino combined fishing with agriculture. PALMYRA ATOLL The Spanish colonizers then began importing slaves from Africa and sugarcane growing became the leading economic activity. The population of the San Juan metropolitan area is more than one million. Publishing in English is The San Juan Star (daily circulation 76,873). Political Geography Basics Physical Geography Population Country Information Key Figures & Milestones Maps Urban Geography By. In 1948, Luis Muñoz Marín was elected to that office. In the Caribbean dependencies of France and UK, life expectancy has moved more or less in parallel with that in their administrating countries, and as a result gaps in life expectancy were relatively small or non-existent in the early 2010s. Haiti occupies three-eighths of Hispaniola Island (10,714 square miles). Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps, Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Finally, in 1848 Denmark abolished slavery in the colony. The next election was scheduled for November 2008. Haiti has a population of over 10.7 million people, making it the second most populous Caribbean state. Not until colonization was well under way would the island acquire the name Puerto Rico (“rich port”), with the name San Juan Bautista applied to the capital city. Puerto Ricans are of Spanish descent (80%), black (8%), or mixed ancestry (10%). Puerto Rico has a total area 9,104 square kilometers (3,515 square miles). Geography. This story of oil in the Caribbean has implications for scholarly debates around the so-called Anthropocene. The Roman Catholic religion is predominant (85%), but evangelical Protestant sects also have wide followings. Social. Between 1958 and 1962 most of the British-controlled Caribbean was integrated as the new West Indies Federation in an attempt to create a single unified future independent state. Dependencies and Territories of the World. Those aren't the same thing. The district court has appellate jurisdiction over the territorial court. In Dependency and Socialism in the Modern Caribbean Euclid Rose focuses upon the efforts made by the English-speaking Caribbean through case studies that compare and contrast the political economies of Guyana, Jamaica, and Grenada to break out of the legacy of colonial dependency and underdevelopment through the implementation of a Caribbean brand of socialism.

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