Vermont’s beginnings, from early life to the state’s role in the Revolutionary War to the many notable figures who’ve called the state home, make for fascinating history tours. The steeples of white wooden churches rising above mountain-bound small towns with trim village greens, the herds of dairy cattle on sloping mountain pastures, and the red-gold leaves of tree-lined autumnal lanes are aspects of scenic Vermont that, in painting and photography, have become symbols of the rural United States. Native American Indians indigenous to Vermont include the Abenaki tribe and the Iroquois. The discussions fizzled, however, after the American Revolution came to a close. Vermont was admitted to the United States as the fourteenth state in 1791 after a brief period of sovereignty following the American Revolutionary War. 8. Only about 15 percent of the state’s terrain, mostly in the Champlain valley, is level land with fertile soil and high productive capability. Professional Sports Teams There are no major professional sports franchises in Vermont. An illustrated timeline lets students discover fascinating facts about Vermont history; Lesson plans and lists of Vermont history books are valuable resources for teachers and homeschool educators. Area 9,616 square miles (24,906 square km). Bears are often seen, but wild members of the cat family are rare. Facts about Vermont 1. Five other Texas cities in addition to El Paso have larger populations than Vermont. The dispute over which American colony controlled Vermont rose to the highest levels of the British Empire, and in 1764 King George III decided in New York’s favor. When French explorer Samuel de Champlain first arrived in Vermont in 1609 he nicknamed the area 'les Verts Monts' meaning the Green Mountains. In 1998 President Bill Clinton signed a bill that designated Lake Champlain as one of the Great Lakes for the purpose of competing for federal research money under the National Sea Grant Program. Environmental factors such as acid rain have affected trees in the higher elevations. 10. Join VHS for virtual Vermont History trivia! Two-thirds of Vermont’s covered bridges were destroyed in a flood. Vermont History Vermont History. It became independent in 1777 following clashes over land. Before Vermont became the 14th state, it existed as an independent nation for 14 years. Mount Mansfield, at 4,393 feet (1,339 metres), is its highest point; and Lake Champlain, at 95 feet (29 metres), is its lowest. However, at the behest of New York, the Continental Congress refused to recognize the new state. Vermont was home to a Great Lake—for a few weeks. The state fossil , the beluga whale skeleton was found in a farmer's field in western Vermont in 1849. Even today, the state has the highest ratio of cows to people in the country, with one cow for every 3.8 Vermonters. Essex County (6,163) is the least populated county in Vermont. 1. More people live in El Paso, Texas, than in Vermont. At one time, Vermont had approximately 600 of its distinctive covered bridges. Official Tourism Site of Vermont, United States, Vermont - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Vermont - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Click on a county and then find a town to see how Vermont's population has changed over the years.Or switch to a list of counties or list of towns.. If you already knew all of these facts, well you get an A+ in VT knowledge. The first chapter of the Vermont constitution that was adopted in January 1777 affirms that “all men are born equally free and independent, and have certain natural, inherent and unalienable rights.” The constitution abolished the enslavement of men over the age of 21 and women over the age of 18. (Credit: Kenneth Wiedemann/http://www.istockphoto.com). But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! History Exploration and settlement. With a population of fewer than nine thousand people, Montpelier, Vermont is the smallest state capital in the U.S. Montpelier, Vermont is the only U.S. state capital without a McDonalds. Red clover is the state flower of Vermont. Vermont's name comes from the French phrase “vert mont,” meaning “green mountain.” 2. The western portion of Lake Champlain is in New York, and three-fourths of the area of Lake Memphremagog—the second largest lake associated with Vermont—lies in Canada. Editor of. Thirty-one mountains in the state rise above 3,500 feet (1,100 metres), and most of this tilted landscape is rocky with thin topsoil. Near the middle of the eighteenth century, both Benning Wentworth, the colonial governor of New Hampshire, and Lt. Its members burned opponents’ houses, rioted against New York sheriffs and attacked rent collectors. The story of Charlotte the Vermont whale. In 1535, French explorer Jacques Cartier was the first European to site Vermont. Small animals abound in Vermont. The largest of the 400 natural lakes entirely in Vermont is Lake Bomoseen, west of Rutland. These people primarily seek the beauty and tranquility of Vermont’s mountains and narrow valleys and the sense of the country’s past that pervades the entire state. 13 Incredible, Almost Unbelievable Facts About Vermont. Reported sightings of the enormous lake monster were so prevalent during the 19th century that showman P.T. The land of Vermont does not have great variety, but in place of this it substitutes an intensity and pervasiveness of those features it does possess. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. When the United States was forming in the late 1700s, Vermont became the fourteenth state to join, right after the thirteen colonies. 5. Vermont History Facts. The hermit thrush is the state bird of Vermont. Hiker on the Appalachian National Scenic Trail standing on the summit of Mount Mansfield, Vermont, U.S. Mad River, crossed by the Warren Covered Bridge, Warren, Vt. Several small streams, the largest of which is the White River, flow from the central highlands into the Connecticut River. It’s bordered by Canada in … At one time, Vermont had approximately 600 of its distinctive covered bridges. Vermont, constituent state of the United States of America. Lake Champlain’s waters empty northward into Canada’s Richelieu River and flow 80 miles (130 km) into the St. Lawrence. The geologic history of Vermont begins more than 450 million years ago during the Cambrian and Devonian periods.. Human history of Native American settlement can be divided into the hunter-gatherer Archaic Period, from c. 7000–1000 BC, and the sedentary Woodland Period, from c. 1000 BC to AD 1600. Paleo-Indians began to move into northern New England about 9000 bce, at the end of the last ice age.Vermont sites from the late Archaic culture period (c. 4000 bce) reveal highly specialized slate tools and evidence of wide-ranging exchange networks, including copper tools from the upper Great Lakes and shells from the Gulf of Mexico. ; 1775 - . Also available as a virtual class. 4. Chittenden County (161,382) is the most populated county in Vermont. The annual growing season is only about 120 days—somewhat longer in the low-lying Champlain valley—because frost usually comes in September and may strike as late as the beginning of June. Vermont vərmŏnt´ [Fr.,=green mountain], New England state of the NE United States. Pine, spruce, fir, and hemlock are common; maple and birch are among the deciduous species. Vermont History Vermont had its beginnings in a land controversy. First organized to drive settlers from New York out of Vermont, the Green Mountain Boys, led by Ethan Allen, won fame by capturing Fort Ticonderogafrom the British on May 10, 1775, in the early days of the Revolutionary War. Millions of people visit the state each year, and many thousands of out-of-state residents maintain second homes in Vermont. From the Canadian to the Massachusetts border, the Connecticut River separates Vermont from New Hampshire. 1791 - The U.S. Congress admits Vermont as the 14th state. At one point in history, Vermont had more cows than people. Green Mountains, near East Bethel, Vermont. Vermont has a huge deer population, and deer hunting is an autumn ritual. Here are seven facts about Vermont you might now know: 1. The French then claimed Vermont as part of New France, the first European settlement in the state. Vermont experienced rising abolitionist sentiment and subsequently fought on the Union side of the American Civil War. Pleasant summer days often turn cool after nightfall. County Population Facts. Vermont History Firsts & State Facts. Fun for all ages. Not until six months later in June 1777—at the suggestion of a Philadelphia doctor who was Allen’s friend—did the republic change its name to “Vermont,” based on the French words for “green mountains.”, Vermont Statehood. Today, barely more than 100 covered bridges survive in Vermont. Vermont’s average elevation is about 1,000 feet (300 metres). Vermont’s eventual admission to the Union ultimately came at a price—$30,000 to be paid to New York in compensation for the loss of its property. There is a lot of rich history in every state and country, including the great state of Vermont. 1787 - Montpelier is established by Colonel Jacob Davis and General Parley Davis. Vermont had a three-month head start on the rest of the country in fighting World War II. This map by Lewis Robinson shows Vermont's county boundaries in 1850. North of the Taconic Range are the Red Sandrock Hills, which extend along Lake Champlain to St. Albans. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Instant Download: FREE Vermont State History Printable In Colonial America, New York and New Hampshire both staked claims on Vermont. Vermont’s capitol city, Montpelier, is the smallest state capital in the U.S. , with a population of less than 9,000 people. Vermont was previously an independent country. The short growing season and rocky soil make dairying the dominant form of commercial farming. 1805 - The state capital is moved to Montpelier from Windsor. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Vermont’s mountain ranges are broken by the valleys of only a few rivers, such as the Winooski, Lamoille, and Missisquoi, all flowing westward into Lake Champlain. On the Vermont-Massachusetts border, the northern end of the Hoosac Range enters the state, and the Taconic Range rises along the southwestern side. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 623,989. In many ways Vermont is a vigorous survivor of an earlier, simpler time in the United States. Vermont's history of independent political thought has led to movements for the establishment of the Second Vermont Republic and other plans advocating secession. Snowfall in Vermont usually averages between 70 and 80 inches (1,800 and 2,000 mm) in the valleys and up to 110 inches (2,800 mm) in the mountains. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? 9. The longest river entirely within the state is the Lamoille (85 miles [135 km]), followed by Otter Creek (75 miles [120 km]), which rises in southwestern Vermont and flows northward into Lake Champlain. On the anniversary of Vermont’s statehood, learn 10 surprising facts about the Green Mountain State. The state has its own version of the Loch Ness Monster. 1. However, hundreds of them washed away during the devastating Flood of 1927. Operating as a sovereign state, Vermont printed its own money and ran its own postal service. Vermont is a unique and quirky place, and since the truth is often stranger than fiction, these unbelievable facts will come in handy next time you want to impress your friends and family with VT trivia. The state of Vermont has been inhabited for thousands of years, beginning with the AbenakiNative Americans, who lived in wigwams and hunted for caribou (reindeer). In January 1777, delegates from 28 towns met in a tavern and declared their independence from New York as well. At one time many of Vermont’s hilltops were cleared for pastures and open fields. Concerns about excessive logging have led to state restrictions on clear-cutting. Champlain soon allied with the Native American Abenaki tribe and to killing an Iroquois chief in a bid to impress. Originally populated by various indigenous peoples of the Algonquin, Iroquois, and Abenaki nations, the land now known as Vermont was first seen by European eyes in 1609, when the French explorer Samuel de Champlain sailed the lake that now bears his name. The Highly Toxic Vermont Asbestos Group Mine Site; The Fur Bearing Trout of Lake Memphremagog Explore Vermont’s state historic sites, museums and historic downtowns and immerse yourself in the stories of Vermont. Vermont Trivia – Vermont firsts, facts and interesting information Vermont was the first state admitted to the Union after the thirteen original colonies. C reate a map of the state, organize events chronologically, and explore more of the state’s exciting past with writing prompts. It is sparsely populated, and its capital, Montpelier, is … We preserve the history that makes Vermont a special place to live, work, and visit. The first European to explore what is now Vermont is believed to have been the French explorer Jacques Cartier in 1535 who is most famous for his exploration of Canada. We’ve gathered some cool facts and if you knew them all, well then you get an A+ on todays history lesson. There is a growing moose population and (since 1993) an annual moose-hunting season. The state tree is the sugar maple, which reflects Vermont’s prominence in maple sugar and syrup production. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Vermont is a tiny state hidden in the northeast corner of the United States. Vermont (nicknamed: Green Mountain State) has 14 counties. Vermont is the only state that designated a fossil symbol of a species that still exists. Vermont, constituent state of the United States of America. Vermont became the 14th state in 1791; it was the first admitted after the thirteen colonies. GEOGRAPHY AND LANDFORMS. French Vermont The first European known to have entered the area that is now Vermont was Samuel de Champlain, who, after beginning the colonization of Quebec, journeyed south with a Huron war party in 1609 to the beautiful lake to which he gave his name. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, slightly more than 625,000 people resided in Vermont in 2010, fewer than in every state but Wyoming. (Credit: Amber Kincaid). Vermont State Archivist, Office of the Secretary of State, Montpelier. As farmers abandoned the hillsides, the open spaces quickly refilled with trees. It was attacked by Confederate soldiers during the Civil War. It is sparsely populated, and its capital, Montpelier, is one of the least-populous U.S. state capitals. Fishing in the lakes and streams, including ice fishing in winter, is popular. (Credit: Vermont Historical Society). After the American Revolution began, the Green Mountain Boys decided independence from Great Britain was not enough. Flag of the Green Mountain Boys and the Vermont Republic. Photographs and census records show how Vermont has changed over time. 7. The federal designation was changed a few weeks later after protests by legislators in states adjacent to the Great Lakes. Two-thirds of Vermont’s covered bridges were destroyed in a flood. Cross-country skier near (background) Mount Mansfield, Vermont. For 14 years Vermont was an independent republic. Omissions? In order to distribute the bonuses without new taxes, the state legislature in September 1941 pointed to President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s recent order to the U.S. Navy to shoot first if it encountered German warships entering American waters to declare that a state of “armed conflict” between the United States and Germany already existed. Barnum in 1873 offered a reward of $50,000 for the “hide of the great Champlain serpent.” The lake monster affectionately known as “Champ” might be imaginary, but a very real Vermont state law has made it a protected species. Part of the Missisquoi turns north to flow through Canada before returning to Vermont. Vermont copper coinage struck, 1785–1786. Gunfire that erupted during the raid killed Elinus Morrison, a contractor supervising a hotel construction project, in what was the northernmost land action of the Civil War. England gained control of the area in 1763 after the French and Indian Wars. The Abenaki who originally settled Vermont told stories of a legendary sea serpent named “Tatoskok” that inhabited the depths of what is known today as Lake Champlain. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Revolutionary soldier to shed British blood at the Battle of Lexington, April 19, 1775 was Solomon Brown from New Haven, Vermont, who thus fired the first effective shot in the Revolutionary War. Vermont adopted the first constitution in North America to ban adult slavery. The Green Mountains that cover most of the state are part of the northern Appalachian Mountains, which run southeastward from Canada into north-central Alabama. Overview of Vermont History and Heritage. All Rights Reserved. 3. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). On October 19, 1864, approximately two dozen Confederate soldiers who had descended from Canada robbed three banks in the town of St. Albans before retreating back across the border with $200,000. Grand Isle County (83 sq mi) is the smallest county in Vermont. Updates? This count is called the census. Feb 10, 2021 - Feb 11, 2021 | 1pm - 3pm. Geography >> US States>> Vermont History For state symbols, flag, maps, geography, and fun facts: Although Vermont was hundreds of miles removed from the battlefields of the Civil War, it was the scene of one of the war’s most unexpected attacks. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Governor Cadwallader Colden, representing the colonial government of New York, claimed territory in what is now Vermont. While the United States did not declare war on Nazi Germany until December 11, 1941, Vermont declared three months earlier that the two countries were already in “armed conflict.” After the country re-instituted a draft in 1940, the Vermont legislature sought to issue a $10-a-month bonus to those state residents serving in the military, a decision that required a new tax in peacetime. The wooded areas, with their small brooks and springs, produce a great variety of ferns and wildflowers; in the spring and summer they are filled with the many species of birds common to the Northeast. In turn, many creative personalities have sought the spiritual refuge offered by the state. You better believe that big things happened in the little Green Mountain State! Sections in this article: Introduction ; Facts and Figures; Geography HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Vermont was the first state admitted to the Union after the ratification of the Constitution. Its original name was “New Connecticut.” The river, from the mean low-water line on the western bank, is entirely within New Hampshire’s borders. (Credit: Public Domain). Many people left their birthplaces in Vermont to pursue opportunities in the opening West or in urban centres of the Northeast. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Vermont City / Town Facts. One of the six New England states lying in the northeastern corner of the country, it was admitted to the union on March 4, 1791, as the 14th state. President Calvin Coolidge was born in Plymouth, Vermont on the 4th of July in 1872. The State Capitol Building in Montpelier, Vermont. Maps and documents help tell the story of Vermont becoming the 14th state. The law, however, was not universally enforced. 10. Every ten years, the United States counts the number of people in each town, in each state. One of the six New England states lying in the northeastern corner of the country, it was admitted to the union on March 4, 1791, as the 14th state. Vermont has never stood in the mainstream of the country’s history, but its people and land have poured into their country a strength and a sense of continuity that joins the achievements of the nation’s past with the purposes of its present. Dig deeper into the history of Vermont and see wh at interesting facts you can discover about this state with a free 7-page state history printable. Vermont History Museum, Montpelier, VT. History for Homeschoolers - Made in Vermont. Find out about important Vermont industries from the late 1800s. Vermont is bordered to the north by Quebec, Canada, to the east by New Hampshire, to the south by Massachusetts, and to the west by New York. 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